TYPES OF CARGOES
Products and raw materials that are unpacked and homogenous to be dropped or poured into bulk carrier holds easily
Cargoes that can be loaded and carried in large quantities in ISO containers
over-sized, heavy lift and livestock’s which require special treatments in transportation
Goods that must be loaded individually and not in intermodal containers nor in bulk. They are transported in bags, boxes , drums or barrels.
Free-flowing liquid cargoes which include crude oil, liquefied natural gas and chemicals poured into and sucked out of tanker holds.
Consignment note for carriage of goods by road. It is not document of title since it is non-negotiable.
- BILL OF LADING ( B/L ):
It is used in sea transport. It is written evidence on receipt of goods, contract of carriage and negotiable instrument that may be endorsed and transferred to a third party.
- AIRWAY BILL ( AWB ):
It is a non-negotiable document in cargo transport by air. It must name a consignee who is buyer. It is non-negotiable and only indicates acceptance of goods for carriage.
- MULTIMODAL FIATA B/L ( FB/L ):
Covering two or more modes of transport. When it is issued “to the order” it is title of ownership since can be negotiated. Authorized forwarders integrated into FIATA can issue it.
- CARGO INSURANCE CERTIFICATE:
Document indicating type and amount of insurance coverage in force on a shipment. The original copy is required in filing claim.
- COMMERCIAL INVOICE:
An administrative document which contains information about international sale such as quantity, price, delivery, payment terms upon which in customs declaration taxes and tariffs are applied.
- PACKING LIST:
It includes quantity, description of goods, invoice number, cargo weight, number of packages and shipping marks and numbers.
- CARGO MANIFEST:
A shipping document summarizes all bills of ladings issued by carrier for a particular shipment that generally shows shipper, consignee as well as listing cargo details such as numbers, value, origin and destination.
- DELIVERY NOTE:
Transport document accompanying the shipment that list quantity and description of goods delivered. A copy is signed by buyer and is returned to seller as proof of delivery.
ROAD AND SEA TRANSPORT CONVENTIONS
- CMR ( 1956 ):
Convention on the contract of carriage of goods by road that unifies rules between shipper, consignee and road carrier
- TIR ( 1975 ):
Convention on international transport of goods under cover of TIR carnet
- MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT ( 1980 ):
International multimodal transport of goods
- HAGUE RULES ( 1924 ):
International convention for unification of rules relating to bill of lading
- HAGUE-VISBY RULES ( 1968 ):
International rules for carriage of goods by sea
- HAMBURG RULES ( 1978 ):
United Nations convention on carriage of goods by sea